The Bale Mountains, which lie over 2,400 Square kilometers, is a home for various flora and fauna species. The park which comprises reverence plains, woodlands and bush land, is a home for several endemic species like Mountain Nyala and Semien fox, where the park is believed to be established to protect these two animals. The park is home to high mountains with a peak of 4,377 meter above sea level, which is the second largest in the country.
The forest is also a home for different pig species, lions, leopards, spotted hyenas, African hunting dogs and many others. More over the Bale Mountains are home for 16 endemic bird species.
The park is among the most suitable walking areas in the country with a chance to see several endemic and common species at a closer distance.